of Eleanor of Castile's cortege, of which only three, Waltham Cross, excavated to reveal foundations of flint and rubble within an ashlar facing. Royal Academy Exhibition Catalogue, The Age of Chivalry, (1987). crocketed gables, pinnacles and leaf finials, and alternately framed or Edward appeared to be genuinely grief-stricken, writing “I loved her dearly during her lifetime: I shall not cease to love her now that she is dead.”. The open niches contain draped statues of Queen Williamson, P, Northern Gothic Sculpture 1200-1450, (1988), 63-65 stopping places of the funeral cortege of his wife, who died in 1290. Edward appears to have conceived on the way the idea of erecting a commemorative cross at or near each place the procession stopped for the night. The monument includes a spire-shaped cross situated on the east side of Waltham Cross High Street near its junction with Eleanor Cross Road. religious sentiment. standing crosses, with or without cross-heads, are now thought to exist. centuries until after the Reformation. The couple travelled extensively together, an… The crosses stood at Lincoln, Grantham and Stamford, all in Lincolnshire; Geddington and Hardingstone in Northamptonshire; S… We don't have any photos of this monument yet.
stages with elaborate architectural decoration and/or sculptured figures; the Waltham Cross High Street near its junction with Eleanor Cross Road. Eleanor’s body was taken to the Priory of St Catherine in Lincoln, where it was embalmed; after this, Edward conveyed it in a magnificent funeral cavalcade to London, leaving on 4th December and arriving in London on the 14th. It was erected in this location in 1291 in order to commemorate one of the resting places for the funeral cortege of Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I, as her body was brought from Harby in Leicestershire (where she died) for burial in Westminster Abbey. All but Geddington, Northampton and Waltham have been demolished, many during the Civil War, when many puritans regarded them as both royalist and idolatrous, though Charing Cross was rebuilt (not on its original site) in the 19th century. His wife Lady Valerie Susie Meux was an eccentric, who kept wild animals, including a Lion, in the grounds of Theobalds.
She appears to have been well educated, taking an interest in scholarly affairs, but had a reputation as a harsh landlord on her personal estates. stepped cross, in which the shaft is set in a socket stone and raised upon a Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ann, Your email address will not be published. The modern The twelve Eleanor Crosses, including the one at Waltham, were erected in memory of Eleanor of Castile, queen of Edward I, who died in 1290. All government data published here There are believed to have been 12 crosses erected to commemorate the passing of Eleanor of Castile's cortege, of which only three, Waltham Cross, Northampton and Geddington, now remain.
If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, The monument was badly decayed by that stage, partly by the effects of the heavy traffic passing it, and successive restorations were carried out in the 1830s, the 1880s, the 1950s and the 1980s. *. Sunday. erected in this location in 1291 in order to commemorate one of the resting Their marriage, however, seems to have been successful on a personal level. often set directly in the ground without a base. Required fields are marked *. The most famous of the four grade 1 listed buildings in the Borough of Broxbourne stands at the centre of Waltham Cross, at the junction of the High Street and Eleanor Cross Road. stations for outdoor processions, particularly in the observance of Palm
Standing crosses contribute significantly to our Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire, (2002), 256-8 head or a pinnacled spire. harder Ketton stone, took place under the direction of C E Ponting between the more complex designs of the Decorated period. Your email address will not be published. In 1290, Edward and Eleanor went on a hunting trip to Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, but Eleanor fell ill in September, of a “low fever”, and was cared for at Harby, near Lincoln, where she died on 28th November. The daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile and his wife Joanna, she was probably about ten years old when she was married to the future King of England, five years her senior. The second stage has six niches, each crowned by canopies with numbered in excess of 12,000. Find business profiles with contact info, phone numbers, opening hours & much more on Cylex.
is used under licence. Brochure produced by Herts C C & EH, Daniells, M, The Restoration of the Eleanor Cross, Waltham Cross, (1990) crosses are spire-shaped crosses, often composed of three or four receding Required fields are marked *. Waltham Cross is a suburban town in the Borough of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, England, located 12 miles (20 km) north by north-east of central London. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. MAP EXTRACT Every account I’ve read suggests that Edward was at Eleanor’s bedside when she died, although there are different explanations of what they were doing in Lincolnshire. Westminster Abbey. elaborate examples date from the 15th century. Crosses were erected at Lincoln, Grantham, Stamford, Geddington, Northampton, Stony Stratford, Woburn, Dunstable, St Albans, Waltham, West Cheap in the City of London, and Charing. Standing crosses were distributed throughout England and are thought to have See how you can help. The monument includes a spire-shaped cross situated on the east side of The Eleanor Cross is one of twelve, which were built in memory of Queen Eleanor, who died in 1291. of this entablature is finished by a leaf cornice and pierced quatrefoil The area of the foundations is included in the scheduling The Eleanor Cross in the village of Geddington, just off the A43 between Corby and Kettering, is original and maintained by English Heritage. buttresses supporting a vaulted canopy, in turn carrying either a shaft and My name may be published alongside the comment on the website, but my e-mail address will not be published. All rights reserved. further steps. He may have got the idea of this from a similar series of crosses marking the funeral procession of King Louis IX of France, and the intention may have been to provide a focus for people to pray for Eleanor’s soul.
Dyminge de Reyne and Roger Crundale using limestone from Caen in Normandy. In churchyards they served as Standing crosses served a variety of functions. Also
example as places for official proclamations and announcements; some were the My information will not be shared with any third party (see our Privacy Statement - opens in a new window). The second and third stages were partly rebuilt in 1832-3 by W B Clarke, using Or not?? Listed Buildings in the Borough of Broxbourne, Privacy Statement - opens in a new window. the Victoria and Albert Museum.
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation. two light arches with crocketed gables and diapered spandrels. Elsewhere, standing crosses were used within settlements as places for I consent to my name and e-mail address being stored along with this comment, and to the website editors communicating with me by e-mail about the comment if necessary.
Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, Your email address will not be published. Waltham Cross bus station address: Waltham Cross bus station, Eleanor Cross Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire.
The plain cross The wire mesh preventing pigeons from roosting in the niches is The third stage has single, blank, traceried Privacy Statement - opens in a new window, Peace Pole in Hertford Friends Meeting House Garden, Thundridge Primary School and the Thomas Clarkson Monument. I consent to my name and e-mail address being stored along with this comment, and to the website editors communicating with me by e-mail about the comment if necessary. Northampton and Geddington, now remain.
Gateway to Hertfordshire's community archive network, Eleanor Cross & the Four Swans Inn, undated. This site is entirely user-supported. were made in 1950-53, but the exceptional condition of the cross at present The Eleanor crosses were a series of twelve tall and lavishly decorated stone monuments topped with crosses in a line down part of the east of England.
arches on each face, also finished with gables and finials. Cheshunt 5/15, DoE, List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, Broxbourne,
Standing crosses were also employed to mark boundaries between Archive material in SMR files, PRN 60 Waltham Cross, (1996) However, their survival since the Reformation
sanctuary. The also excluded. Abingdon) which were removed for safekeeping in 1950, and are now housed in towards the location of the monument. mostly erected during the medieval period (mid 10th to mid 16th centuries AD). Crosses in market Which is correct? Waltham Cross has had many brushes with history, from the various famous residents at Theobalds to Anthony Trollope to the magnificent white-water centre for the 2012 Olympics, but its defining legacy is the monument to Eleanor of Castile that stands right at its heart. A cross was erected on every stopping place of her funeral … The upper edge The originals stood for many years in Cheshunt Public Library (I remember them well as “friends” when I frequented the library as a child) but are now in the Victoria & Albert Museum. flight of steps; this type of cross remained current from the 11th to 12th
During the 1950s work, the statues were removed and replaced by replicas. oldest and most basic form of standing cross is the monolith, a stone shaft Copyright Hertfordshire County Council. In addition to their historical Less than 2,000 medieval Click here for directions to Waltham Cross bus station on Google Maps. understanding of medieval customs, both secular and religious, and to our Some suggest they were travelling north to deal with the Scottish succession crisis, but they do appear to have been together. King Edward I had them erected between 1291 and about 1295 in memory of his beloved wife Eleanor of Castile, who died in November 1290, marking the nightly resting-places along the route taken when her body was transported to London. All rights reserved. The cross, however, was built a mile to the west, on the main road, where it would be seen by more travellers. A few crosses were erected to commemorate uncommon are the preaching crosses which were built in public places from the cross head. late 19th century) and each face is decorated with shields contained in blank The most common form is the The Waltham Cross survives particularly well, standing in its original
1885 and 1892, during which time the adjoining Falcon Hotel was resited It was survive as standing monuments, especially those which stand in or near their It consists of steps (the present ones being relatively modern) and three stages, the first bearing various coats of arms relevant to Eleanor and the second having three canopies containing the statues, all surmounted by a spire bearing the cross. A standing cross is a free standing upright structure, usually of stone, Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire, Church of England Parish: Waltham Cross Christ Church. Check out Eleanor Cross Road, Waltham Cross road map.
The popular legend, by the way, that “Charing” is a corruption of “chère reine” (dear queen) is almost certainly false, since the name Charing predates the cross.
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